CCG President Wang Huiyao said that restrictions on food and agriculture products in some countries, as well as the barriers and restriction of mobility caused by the coronavirus pandemic, is aggravating the global food crisis. He said that the private sector, the potential of internet technology and multilateralism are key to solve these problems.
Rob Vos, director of IFPRI, said that global cooperation is the key to solve the economic crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. He called for solidarity and stable operation of global value chains, cooperation among competitors, unimpeded trade channels, and proper responses to changing demands.
Sir Danny Alexander, vice president and corporate secretary of AIIB, emphasized the particular impacts that low-income countries suffered from the coronavirus crisis and the need for resources from multilateral cooperation. He said that the AIIB has offered a special program with concessional loans to the lowest income countries, which not only brought support on urgent health issues, but also promotes long-term economic development.
Claire Courteille-Mulder, director of Country Office for China and Mongolia of ILO, said that there is a need to look at the specifics of the supply chain, particularly in the informal economy, and see how we could make it more sustainable from a social perspective. She added that making the supply chain more resilient and more sustainable would require small producers and retailers and general workers in the informal economy with better income security.
Giuseppe Crocetti, chief of Mission of China and Mongolia of IOM, said that the spread of COVID-19 is projected to be not just a temporary crisis, but a profound disruption that will change human mobility patterns including seasonal labor migration for years to come.
Fan Shenggen, chair professor at China Agricultural University, stressed that women, children, smallholder farmers and migrants including people from rural to urban areas and from urban to rural areas, must be protected and included in the future global food system.
Carla Hilhorst, executive vice president for research and development at Unilever, highlighted that localization of supply chains does not lead to resilience, but leads to stockpiling and rises in food price. Hence, she said that cross-border resilience and robust supply systems are important, and therefore working together is crucial.
Matthew Kovac, executive director of Food Industry Asia (FIA), explained what multinational food companies have done in terms of mitigating against the impact COVID-19. He pointed out that many multinationals have set high safety standards in their manufacturing plants, and provided for their suppliers through this period with greater flexibility.
Johan Swinnen, director-general of IFPRI, said that COVID-19 is causing a combination of economic recession and disruption of the food system. He added that the impact of COVID-19 on food supply chains is heterogeneous, being more complex and more nuanced than presented in the media narratives.