A bluebook report that identifies China’s weakness of competitiveness on wooing global talents and proposes measures to different regions within China for improvement was released on Sept. 11 in Beijing, as a joint effort of the Center for China and Globalization(CCG) and the Institute of Development Studies at Southwestern University of Finance and Economics(SWUFE)in Sichuan.
The report, titled the Report on China’s Regional International Talent Competitiveness 2017, was published at a time when China gears up to attract more talented people from all over the world in order to boost its economic growth. It is a imperative step to objectively evaluate the current status of China’s competitiveness of global talent recruitment among to identify the gap and then find solutions.
CCG and SWUFE’s Institute of Development Studies co-established an index model to assess China’s regional competitivenesson attracting overseas talents from six dimensions – popualtion size, structure, innovation, policy, development and living conditions, supported by 13 secondary indices and 36 tertiary indices.
Based on the model, the report compiled a ranking list of the most-preferred places in China to foreign talents. Futhermore, by comparing the situation in China’s 31 province-level regions(Taiwan, Macau and Hong Kong excluded), the report mapped out policy measures to improve China’s regional and national competitiveness to recruit more global talents.
Here the key highlights of the report are as follows:
● China's overall global talent competitiveness still lags behind many developed countries.The proportion of international workers in China is far below the world average. In 2015, only 0.06% of the country's population were foreigners, while the worldwide average proportion was 3.3%.Shanghai ranks the highest among all the Chinese cities evaluated according to 2017 report. Even so, it only attains 65.17 out of 100 in global talent competitiveness, followed by Beijing, Guangdong, and Jiangsu, all of which are the most economically developed regions in China.
Scores of composite index in different regions within China
● Geographically,foreign talents are very unevenly spreaded in China, as the gap between Shanghai, the first place in the rankings,and Shanxi, the last one, reaches 0.8 while the 1 is set to be the ceiling number. Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin are the top three most favorite cities for foreign students, while Guangdong, Shanghai and Jiangsu are the first-tier cities which accommodatemost foreign experts.
The index of international talent population across China
●In terms of the quality of recruited global population, there is no much gap between different provinces or regions. Anhui and the western regions score higher in global talent eudcation degree structure for having more foreign experts on scientific and technology research with strong academic background. Jiangsu, Guangdong, and Shanghai score the highest in global talent occupation structure for providing foreign workers room to develop their long-term career.
The structural index of international talent across China
●Guangdong ranks the No.1 in terms of international talent innovation, because the foreign workers there are foscused on innovation industries and activities, while the western region also has great potential in this regard. Shanghai, on the contrary, scores low on this index, because most international talents there are working in the financial industry, instead of innovation industries such as IT or high-end manufacturing.
Innovation index of international talent for Chinese province-level regions
●The eastern coastal regions have more friendly international talent recuitment policies, while China’s mid and western region lags behind on it. Jiangsuranksfirst on this index list, followed by Beijing, Zhejiang, and Guangdong. With respect to international talent recruitment policy innovation, Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong score higher, as they all have been rolling out policies to reform entry and exit regulatory system to facilitate high-level international talents’ their entrepreneurship and innovation activities in China.
Policy index of international talent across China
●Sharp margins exist between China's coastal and inland region over creating a talent cultivation environment for foreign workers. Shanghai obtains a full score on this index. With extensive access to global economy and strong international background, Shanghai has become a hub for forign trade and MNC headquarters. However, most regions still lack strength in building appropriate surroundings for foreign talents.
Development index of International talent for Chinese regions
●Guangdong is selected by foreign talents as the most popular place to live, and China's midwest also has great potential in attracting foreign talents with its better environment and living conditions. Guangdong, Jiangsu, Beijing, Shandong and Shanghai rank the top 5 provinces/cities respectively for providing the best social security and services to foreign talents, such as healthcare and children's education.
Living index of international talent across China
●Based on the findings above, the report proposed to improve the work of international talent recruitment institutionally in order to attract more foreign talents. The measures such as es-tablishing a governing entity specifically for international talent management, expanding in-ternational talent recruitment policies that have been proved effective in pilot programs, and enhancing regional competitiveness for international talent through improved natural envi-ronment and living conditions were provided in the bluebook.