Starting June 7th, a total of 9.4 million people in China have begun taking the "Gaokao", the annual college entrance examination. In China, especially in the past 40 years, "Gaokao" has been regarded as a very important event. It is a very significant to China’s large population, and for a long time, it was taken as a fair way to select talents.
However, with the development of society, the admission rate of the "Gaokao" was increased and the "Gaokao" is not the only way for Chinese students to get into college. Nowadays, some of them choose to study overseas or go to technical schools. Although there has been criticism of this system, we cannot deny that under this system, Chinese students have developed strong capability in science and math; In the meantime, we should admit that students have shortcomings in their comprehensive ability.
This year marks the 40th anniversary of the restoration of this system. Restoring the "Gaokao" system 40 years ago was a decision made by Deng Xiaoping. Equally important, higher education was expanded in 1977. Thus it is safe to say that the year of 1977 marks the normalization of higher education.
The Dialogue Studio had invited Prof. Li Jinzhao, Beijing Foreign Studies University, Mr. He Jing, Partner at Anjie Law Firm, Dr. Wang Huiyao, President of Center for China and Globalization (CCG), to review the impact and meaning of returning of Gaokao 40 years ago.
From CNTN， June, 2017